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The coordinator of Primary Care of the City of Barras, nurse Gorete Lages, said that two residents of the city died victims of Bacterial Meningitis in the second half, both cases were confirmed by medical report. A third death, which occurred on Monday (18), of a 17-year-old Barras resident, is under investigation and awaits final diagnosis.
If the third suspicion is confirmed for Bacterial Meningitis, there will be three deaths from the disease in a very short time in a single municipality. In the first two cases, a lady (aged 50 to 60), who lived in the urban area, and a teenager (12), who lived in the rural area of the city, died. The coordinator stressed that the three patients had no contact with each other.
"We had the first two laboratory-confirmed cases, but today there is no confirmation. The patient, who is a 17-year-old, had the clinical symptoms for Bacterial Meningitis, but the picture also pointed to Hemorrhagic Dengue. So , we are awaiting the examinations. In this particular case, we are not ruling out or confirming for any of these diseases. He was hospitalized last week, "said the coordinator.
In all three cases, patients were referred from the Leonidas Melo Regional Hospital to the Natan Portela Institute for Tropical Diseases in Teresina. All died in Teresina.
Deaths involving the disease caused panic in the residents of the municipalities; many even spoke of a possible outbreak of the disease. Coordinator Gorete Lages is currently dismissing an alarming situation. Preventive measures have been established to prevent more people from contracting the disease.
"In all three cases, the Municipal Health Department gave full assistance to sick people who were assisted by the Family Health team. We even did the chemoprophylaxis process with whom the patients had contact, in family and school. There was medication to avoid future cases ".
"We had a lot of rumors, but we just want to point out that Family Health teams are providing all the necessary assistance, giving lectures in schools and health facilities, following the patients' records."
Family Health Teams are also actively looking for child and adolescent vaccination cards to vaccinate those who are not immunized against the disease, which has more than one manifestation.
The coordinator found that the first victim, the lady between 50 and 60 years old, was not vaccinated against the disease. Regarding the two teenagers, there is no confirmation.
The Ministry of Health clarifies that "meningitis is an inflammation of meninges, which surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be caused by a virus or bacteria, which is more severe."
The main way to prevent meningitis is through vaccination. Other forms of prevention include: avoiding agglomerations and keeping environments ventilated and clean, as well as personal hygiene.
"Meningitis is a syndrome in which the clinical picture is usually severe, so when you think you or someone else may have symptoms of meningitis you should seek medical attention as soon as possible. A doctor can determine if you have the disease, the type of meningitis and the best treatment. "
"In bacterial meningitis, the transmission is usually person-to-person, via the airways, by droplets and upper airway secretions (nose and throat). In viral meningitis, transmission is fecal-oral."
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