Staphylococcal bacteria VANO SHLAMOV
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are responsible for the deaths of 33,000 people in the European Union by 2015, according to estimates by European researchers published in the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Researchers have developed a model for calculating infections and deaths from five types of infections using data from the European antimicrobial resistance surveillance network (EARS).
For the year 2015, they estimate 671,689 the number of people infected and 33,110 the number of deaths attributable to multiresistant bacteria.
The impact is "comparable to the cumulative effect of influenza, tuberculosis and the Aids virus" over the same period, the authors write.
Most deaths occur in children younger than 12 months and over 65 years of age. The mortality impact is highest in Italy and Greece, with Italy alone accounting for more than a third of deaths associated with super-bacteria, according to the study.
Doctors regularly warn about the danger of overconsumption of antibiotics, which makes bacteria resistant and frightening.
An Australian team warned last September about the spread of a bacterium that is resistant to all known drugs, Staphylococcus epidermidis, which can lead to serious illness or death, and is related to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). ).
Of the 670,000 multiresistant infections estimated in 2015, almost two-thirds were contracted in the hospital setting, researchers note, stressing "the urgency to take antibiotic resistance as a whole into account." Vital health data for patients and the need to plan alternative treatments for patients who have other diseases and are vulnerable because of decreased immune defenses or age. "
Italy and Greece account for a fifth of the infections, according to the study.
During the period under review, more than 10,000 people died in Italy of infections, including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, a high number even if the aging population is taken into account.