Measles epidemic in the Indian Ocean area: the vaccination deficit targeted for Mayotte


Often considered erroneously benign, measles is not just a childhood disease. Also it concerns unvaccinated adolescents and young adults and can lead to hospitalizations and sometimes serious complications (pneumonia, encephalitis …)

Measles is transmitted very easily when you cough, sneeze, flush, and spit.
Vaccination then it's the only way to protect yourself. When we are vaccinated, we protect ourselves, but we also protect those around us.

Vaccination can be remedied at any age, but especially for those under 40 years of age (over 40 years old, it is estimated that people have probably contracted measles due to the large circulation of the virus in the past and are, therefore, immunized).
Two doses of vaccine are needed to provide effective protection.

That's why ARS recommends:

  • Check your immunization status vis-à-vis the rougeoleaunaar of a health professional (treating doctors, nurses, midwives …). Depending on the case, the doctor will propose a recovery vaccination.
  • Consult your doctor if you notice any signs (high fever and / or rash) to confirm whether or not you are diagnosed with measles

Given this situation, the Indian Ocean ARS recommends travelers departing or returning from the countries of the zone, including Madagascar.

Before departure
  • Check your immunization status as well as that of your children, in relation to measles of a health professional (doctors, nurses, midwives …),
  • Consult your doctor for a catch-up shot before leaving, if your vaccines are not up to date. Two doses of vaccine are needed to provide effective protection
No return

Consult your doctor, in case of evocative signs, indicating the country visited:

  • Fever above 38.5 ° C
  • Cough, runny nose, red and watery eyes (conjunctivitis),
  • Rash: red pimples that first appear on the face and spread to the rest of the body

In an unprotected person (with the previous vaccine or measles), the disease may appear 7 to 18 days after contact with a person with measles.


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