American director John Singleton, whose film "Boyz n the Hood" (1991) is one of the symbols of the new wave of African-American cinema, died Monday, the US media quoted his family as saying.
His family members called for the termination of care, according to the medical team, the director of 51 years in a coma, in a desperate state. He suffered a cardiac arrest on April 17.
"Rest in peace, John Singleton, so sad to hear the news", tweeted American director Jordan Peele. "John was a brave artist and a real inspiration. Your vision has changed everything. "
John Singleton was the first black Oscar nominee to stage 1992's "Boyz n the Hood," a grim image of gangs in Los Angeles, the underlying violence of many black neighborhoods in the city and the blind repression of the police.
"The youngest director ever named" for the Oscar for the staging, recalled the Academy of Arts and Sciences, in charge of awarding these prestigious awards, "and an inspiration to all of us, John Singleton, we're going to miss you so much."
Also in the competition for Best Screenplay, Singleton left the ceremony empty-handed and was no longer nominated afterwards.
"We'll miss you"also wrote on Instagram director Spike Lee, the other essential figure in this new African-American wave of the 90s, who hailed his "passion" and "heart."
Since their first meeting, when Singleton was a film student at USC's University of California, the two men remained close, Spike Lee said, "encouraging each other in an industry where they should not be successful."
Directors John Carpenter and Ron Howard praised his talent, the latter emphasizing that "your creations and your narrative voice will be lost."
"He paved the way for so many young directors, always remaining true to who he was and where he came from", noted actor Samuel L. Jackson.
A new voice
"Boyz n the Hood," filmed at just 22, was a cultural clash and an important milestone in the history of African-American cinema with its cast including Angela Bassett, Laurence Fishburne, Gooding Jr of Cuba, and rapper Ice Cube. what was the first role.
The film also marked its soundtrack, which helped popularize a bit more rap, with Ice Cube, 2 Live Crew and Too $ hort.
"No one was filming what we lived in Los Angeles"explains John Singleton, himself a native of the City of Angels, to describe what motivated him to start the project.
Some films had already tried to portray this universe, especially Dennis Hopper's "Colors" (1988), but with very external points of view.
John Singleton attributed the favorable echo received early on by "Boyz n the Hood" to his passage in Cannes, in the selection "Un certain regard", where he had been cheered at the end of the projection.
He later directed "2 Fast 2 Furious" (2003), his biggest commercial success, and a remake of "Shaft" (2000).
As "Boyz n the Hood," he directed various social dramas with the background of blacks in the United States, notably "Poetic Justice" (1993), "Fever at Columbus University" (1995) or "Four Brothers" ).
In all these films, he has entrusted black actors to the protagonists and invited a series of rappers from Ice Cube to Snoop Dogg via 2Pac, Q-Tip, Tone Loc, André 3000 or Busta Rhymes.
Actress Regina King, the recent Oscar for Best Supporting Actor who participated in the "Boyz n the Hood" adventure, honored "one of the greats" in her work.