The right diet keeps us healthy. A truism. But what is the correct diet? How about that? In terms of type 2 diabetes, it is a diet in which the amino acid methionine is reduced. And less methionine is found in the vegetarian or vegan diet. This is the quintessence of a new study from the German Institute of Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke (DIfE).
How do researchers create this?
In earlier experiments, IDF researchers found that rats given low ration in protein improved blood glucose levels and consumed more energy than animals fed standard foods. In the new study, Dr. Thomas Laeger and his team now that reducing a single amino acid already has a positive effect. And that's methionine. Less methionine has improved the sugar metabolism of rats and their sensitivity to the hormone insulin.
Interestingly, we observed the beneficial effects of low methionine diet without reducing protein content and regardless of food intake and body fat.
What does this mean for us?
What does this mean for humans? According to the researchers, there is also this connection in humans. The low-methionic diet increases the release of the hormone FGF21, which is associated, among other things, with better metabolism and lower blood sugar levels. "If the animal model results can be transferred to humans, this would be an important step in the treatment of diabetes," Laeger said in a statement.