A director from Europe, who crossed the borders for his films



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A director from Europe, who crossed the borders for his films

Oscar winner Bernardo Bertolucci died yesterday at age 77 in Rome


A director from Europe, who crossed the borders for his films

Bernardo Bertolucci directed Maria Schneider and Marlon Brando in "The Last Tango in Paris". She was 19, Brando 48 years old. A scandal, followed by popularity and the Oscar film "The Last Emperor." Image: APA / AFP / GETTY IMAGES / VALERIE MACON

"I left the end of the film open to be like life itself: ambivalent." Decades ago, Bernardo Bertolucci, who died 77 years ago in Rome, said decades ago after performing his lesser known, but typically colorful, luminous work, "The Moon."

A statement which, of course, also applies to the work of the Italian, who as a director coined European cinema with his handwriting. Because famous and notorious was born in 1941 in Parma son of a poet and film critic not only because of his art but also because of the scandal that a film was drawn for: "The Last Tango in Paris" (1972).

Marlon Brando, "a monster"

To that, Bertolucci staged Marlon Brando, who was for him "a human being, an angel and an actor, a monster", as well as the then very young Maria Schneider as a couple of travelers – with almost 30 years difference of age and hardcore sex scenes. The fact that the film was a scandal censored in Catholic Italy and for the director had a legal sequence, including the denial of several rights, but makes Bertolucci's legacy still not ambivalent. Art should not only be, but also touch limits.

But Schneider, as she later said, did not know that the director and the lead actor, without his knowledge, before the most intimate approved scenes, which led to intolerable attacks, forbids a purely complimentary homage.

How could this dynamic develop on the set? Probably Bertolucci's desire to capture "real, undisguised". The reality that interested him was "only the one in front of the camera." But that also led Bertolucci to be the only Italian filmmaker besides Frank Capra (1897-1991), who was awarded an Oscar in the directing category.

He received the famous work "The Last Emperor" (1986) with Peter O & # 39; Toole, who was awarded eight other golden men. So also for the screenplay, also by Bertolucci, who wrote his own film stories in the author's film tradition.

Even before "The Last Emperor," who also won the Golden Globes and Caesar of France, Bertolucci shot Hollywood. Thus, "Novecento" (1976), in which the director who faces communism describes the class struggle of Italy, was waiting with Robert DeNiro. In 1990, he followed "The Sheltering Sky" in which he sent Debra Winger and John Malkovich as lovers, where he liked to see his protagonists: the search for meaning, his place in life.

Although Bertolucci himself wavered between words and images, theater and production for several years, his path to driving had already begun as a teenager when he made 16mm short films at home. The rest was provided by a friend of his father: director Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922-1975), who hired him to "Accattone" (1961) as assistant.

While the unborn child Bertolucci in the third marriage – since 1987 he was married to colleague Clare Peploe – love was right, he always doubted three things: the blockbuster monoculture, and so he loved shows like "Breaking Bad" Silvio Berlusconi and of religion. "I am an atheist, and as my fellow director Luis Buñuel said, thank God."

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