Two realities of livestock: alarm by the increase in the slaughter of females and a boom in exports that does not stop



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Two current scenarios of the national livestock: a growth of females that generate alarms in different sectors and, on the other hand, a boom of exports that does not stop and that this year, taking into account the private projections, will be a whole record in revenues and exchange volumes traded in the international market.

According to the latest report of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce of Meat and Derivatives of our country (CICCRA), during the month of In November, women's work accelerated, recording an increase of almost 17%.

Between January and November, the liquidation of cows grew 18.9% year-on-year. That is due to an increasing external demand for meat, especially focused on the supply of new markets, such as Russia and China.

Instead 575,500 males were slaughtered, which showed a decline of 7.5% per year. As a result, females' participation in total slaughter was 46.8% in the eleventh month of the year. The total slaughter last month was 1,081,000 head, showing a fall of 3.8% per year.

In addition, the acute credit restriction that is passing through the Argentine economy is causing cattle farmers to also launch heifers, registering an annual growth of 23.2%, which also increased their share in the total slaughter from 10.2% to 12% among periods analyzed.

In turn, beef production in November was 249,000 tonnes with bone and in the first 11 months of this year produced 2,800,000 tonnes of beef, which means an increase of 7.9% if the comparison is made. year after year

The production of beef was 249 thousand tons with bone (tn r / c / h) last November, down 9.5% in relation to October. In the first eleven months of 2018, 2.8 million tons of beef were produced, or 7.9% more than in January-November last year.

Assuming that the volume exported was approximately 44,500 tonnes equivalent in the last month (-6.5% per month), 204,300 tonnes would have been sent to the domestic market. Expressed in per capita terms, beef shipments to the domestic market would have fallen to 55.1 kilograms per inhabitant per year.

By 2018, the largest proportion of the increase in beef production was exported (93.5% of the 205,600 tons of bone, additional produced). O Exports between January and November of this year totaled 475.2 thousand tons of beef, increasing by 68% when making the year-on-year comparison. Its importance in the total produced increased from 10.9% to 17.0% between the periods considered.

In relation to foreign sales revenues, in January-October reached 1,553.5 million dollars and were 48.1% above the revenue recorded in the same period of 2017. The average price registered a decrease of 12% per year, standing at 3,634 dollars per ton r / c / h.

A total of 155,144 tn pp was shipped to China between January and October 2018, twice the volume exported from January to October 2017 (+ 104.6% per year). In other words, 5.5 of the 10 kilos of beef exported from Argentina. Exports were mainly made from the attacker's cuts.

Recent projections by the Mediterranean Foundation indicate that our country's beef exports in 2018 will be about $ 1.880 billion, a growth of 45% over last year and 120% over 2015. In foreign currency, economist Juan Manuel Garzón argues that it is the highest value in the last decades and, in volume, will have more than doubled the average of the last 8 years. Everything indicates that Argentina will be in sixth place in the world ranking of exporters, advancing five positions compared to the position it occupied three years ago.

According to Garzon, "the recovery of exports would not have been so rapid without the growing demand for animal protein from China, the country will be putting around 190,000 tons this year in the Asian giant." The impact of China is overwhelming, almost 70% of the growth in exports for the period 2015/2018 is explained by the largest shipments to that country. "

Finally, the Mediterranean Foundation economist found that the increase in exports did not affect the price of meat to the consumer, "meat values ​​in the first 10 months of this year were 4% down (adjusted for inflation) 2017, and at the lowest level of the last 8 years, but the rate of female slaughter is high, which is a phenomenon that must be reversed to consolidate the trends described and this will only be possible with attractive prices of the farm, "he explained.

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