Heat stroke occurs when the body loses essential water and salts and therefore faces difficulties in regulating temperature. It is worth noting, first, that it can happen at the same time as the heat is suffered or after several days of high temperature.
According to information provided by the Ministry of Health of the Nation, you have to see a doctor right away when you experience the symptoms, which are as follows:
– Temperature above 39 ° C (measured in the armpit)
– Dry skin
– Exhaustion, fatigue or weakness
– dizziness or fainting
– stomach pains, lack of appetite, nausea or vomiting
– Headaches (feeling of a heartbeat or tightness)
In the case of babies, they may suffer from specific symptoms, such as very irritated skin by sweat on the neck, chest, armpits, elbow and diaper folds and irritability (inconsolable crying).
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To avoid this, it is important to keep the following tips in mind:
– Avoid drinks with caffeine or sugar in excess
– Avoid very cold or very hot drinks
– Avoid heavy meals
Drink plenty of water all day
– Reduce physical activity during the hottest hours.
– Stay in ventilated places.
– Avoid bountiful meals but rather eat fruits and vegetables.
– Older adults and pregnant women should be especially well hydrated and with extreme care.
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With the younger ones, specific measures stand out:
– Breastfeeding more often
– When they are over 6 months, they continually offer fluids, especially natural juices.
– Dress them in loose, light, cotton and light colors, or even strip them off.
– Bathe and soak your bodies frequently.
– Propose calm games avoiding that they tremble.
– Avoid exposing them to the sun, especially during the noon hours, or protect them from their effects if exposure can not be avoided: wearing appropriate clothing (hats, long-sleeved clothing) and adequate sunscreen.
– Keep them in well-ventilated or air-conditioned places (at home or in public places) when the room temperature is too high.
– Never stay with them in a parked and locked vehicle.
How to act if this happens?
Quickly, you should try lowering the body temperature with ice or a bath in ice water.
Also important is:
– Offer fresh water (or even water with a teaspoon of salt)
– Move person to fresh, ventilated area.
– Do not administer anti-fever medicines
– Do not rub the skin with alcohol
Sunstroke can be very serious, especially for infants and young children.