Less fear of AIDS, "free and uncommitted" sex, and the use of recreational drugs that "lessen inhibitions" are the causes Sustained increase in syphilis cases in Argentina, according to experts warned. Between 2013 and 2017, patients with this sexually transmitted disease (STD) tripled.
"Syphilis has a cure but has been increasing since 2013. We have seen that AIDS cases have dropped, but syphilis cases have increased, and that means that people do not care"said infectologist Jorge Lattner, who has been working in perinatal infectious diseases since 2000 and a pediatrician since 1986. But the increase has several causes.
"On the one hand, the decrease in the rate of HIV infections we have seen in recent years, either because there are early diagnoses or because of the currently available high-efficiency treatments that make people be much less afraid and start not taking careassured the doctor of the Otamendi Sanitarium.
On the other hand, it also talks about habits that have appeared in recent years. "There are different customs that have been appearing in the last five or six years and have a much freer and less committed sex. For this, we must add the fact that there are recreational drugs used in previous meetings or in which people decrease inhibitions and have sex, "said the specialist, who also works at the hospital Fernandez.
Ublanca Adams, who has HIV, at home in California. The HIV vaccine and treatment tests did not include enough female participants, experts say. (Jason Henry / The New York Times)
Clinician Esteban Chilelli noted that "in 2011 there were about 4,000 cases of syphilis, while in 2017 there were 11,700"
He also talks about customs. "The little use of condoms, having multiple partners or casual sex and the use of drugs, which cause less control," he agreed. PHe said the young population is the most affected.
According to data from the Ministry of Health and Social Development, the rate of syphilis cases reported in men and young women and adults has tripled between 2013 and 2017, since increased from 11.7 to 35.2 per 100,000 inhabitants.
On the other hand, the proportion of positivity in the routine exams performed in pregnant women went from 2% to 3.2% in the same period.
Condoms are essential for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies.
According to Claudia Rodríguez, director of SIDS, ETS, Hepatitis and Tuberculosis of the Ministry of Health, "the measurements, in 2018, we had a rate of 50.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, and The majority of cases occurred in the population aged 15 to 24 years"
The treatment of the disease is "easy, affordable and free"
Syphilis is an infection caused by bacteria Treponema pallidum (TP), transmitted mainly by sexual contact and via congenital and perinatal. It is systemic, curable and exclusive to the human being.
It can cause long-term complications or death if it is not treated properly and is contracted by direct contact with syphilis in anal, vaginal or oral sex. Wounds can be found on the penis, vagina, anus, rectum or on the lips and mouth.
The Secretary of Health of the Nation said that "it can also spread from an infected mother to her unborn child." Another of the rates that increases year by year is that of congenital syphilis
In CC3rdoba they marched on Sunday against the project to change the law of sex education. There were similar demonstrations in various parts of the country. Photo Daniel CC! Ceres
"In the period 2013-2017, the rate at the national level shows an increase year by year, while in 2013 it was 1 case per 1,000 live births, in 2017 rose almost 1.7"details the epidemiological bulletin on HIV, AIDS and STD published in December 2018.
"I have been infected for many years, but in the last two I've seen a very important amount of congenital syphilis, with babies who died in the womb and others who are treated when they are born, "said Lattner, adding that" it is not just a disease of the poor. "
"I worked at Otamendi almost 10 years ago and in the last two we also saw an increase in congenital syphilis, something that has not happened before and now, Fernandez we are putting 10 to 15 penicillins a day, and that never happened, too," he added.