Sunday , February 28 2021

The political persecution of Mercedes Sosa, the exile and its coveted return

Mercedes Sosa was honored by Google to 54 years of its first presentation in the National Festival of Folklore of Cosqun. In the media all over the world, your life, your work, your voice and your struggle are remembered. An artist who fought against oppression rebelled against the military and had to exile herself to save her life.

Mercedes He was born into a humble family, his father was a sugar industry worker, and his mother worked as a laundress for wealthy families. From a very young age she got in touch with the Peronist movement. He was a supporter of Juan Domingo Pern in his youth and supported the causes of the political left throughout his life. In fact, he joined the Communist Party in the 1960s. That is why, after the coup d'état of March 24, 1976, it was included in the black lists of the military regime and its records were prohibited. Since then he began touring Europe and North Africa accompanied by young guitarist Chabuca Granda, the Argentine-Peruvian Lucho González.

When he returned, he struggled to stay in the country, despite obstacles and threats. It was not until 1978, in a recital in La Plata, she was searched and stopped while she was on stage. The only night I was arrested was after a concert in La Plata, in the old shop in San Jos. You were excited and sang songs not allowed, you opened the windows so they hear those who could not afford. We were all euphoric. But they came with their weapons, finally making visible what we knew was happening. We lined up in the yard, pointed, terrified; you, perhaps with your own fear, in an office where they make you listen to the songs you sang, showing your disobedience. At six in the morning, they considered that they had already given us the lesson and we went out into the sun. You know what? It was worth it, wrote a woman, also called Mercedes, who was present that night.

Soon, in 1979, he had to go into exile. I first lived in Paris and then settled in Madrid. Despite the regret that this means, I never stopped singing and recording albums. One of them was Serenade to the Land of One (1979), taking as a message the song of the same title as Mara Elena Walsh: Because it hurts if I stay, but I die if I leave. Already in 1981 recorded in France the album A quin doy, whose title is taken from the song of Julio Lacarra with which the album begins, refers to the exile (To whom I give the strings of my guitar, so that they do not seem sad at the time) of my own). This record was released in Argentina with a repertoire different from the original one, since the censorship did not admit that Sueño with snakes (of the Cuban Silvio Rodrguez), Fuego en Anyman (of Csar Isella and Armando Tejada Gmez), or humble people (of Garoto, Vincius de Moraes and Chico Buarque).

Exiled from your home, the voice of Latin America I suffered in exile. And the punishment doubled after her second husband, Pocho Mazitelli, died. Even she reported this, so suicidal thoughts flooded her mind. He returned to Argentina in February 1983 after the Falklands War. On that occasion he made a series of historical recitals that became a cultural act against the dictatorship. But recently he managed to establish himself in the country after democracy was restored on December 10, 1983. Since then he has fought to protect and democratic regime.

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