There are fewer and fewer wine cellars that remain in the hands of their founders or heirs. Although Mendoza concentrates the largest number of wineries in the country and also the hectares sown, it is not the local entrepreneurs who run the export business: six of the top 20 Argentine wine exporters are provincial capitals. The data are derived from the average of the last 7 years, according to data from the National Institute of Viticulture (INV) with which an export ranking was made.
In totalin 456 the Argentine wineries that export fractionated wine, mainly in the bottle, although the top 20 that lead the list account for 72.5% of the total invoiced by exports.
Although Mendoza has the Argentine brand well in the main gondolas in the world, of the top 20 exporters, only six are from the provincial capital: Bodegas Esmeralda (Nicolás Catena Zapata), A Agrícola (José Zuccardi), Leoncio Arizu, Valentín Bianchi Family Bianchi), Dominio del Plata (Susana Balbo) and Fecovita (5,000 members of their primary cooperatives), the Los Andes newspaper reported.
According to INV data, per person wine consumption fell from 77 liters per year in 1974 to 20.3 in 2017, although it is estimated that the fall continued this year, drilling the 19-liter floor. The first quarter of 2018 culminated with a 1.6% decrease in the volumes of wines sold in the domestic market.
In this scenario, the export exit was a good option to keep the business. So much so that in the first eleven months of the year exports of bulk wine also tripled, growing 182.6%.
Bodegas Esmeralda leads the ranking of wineries capital Mendoza that is in the group of wine companies with more exports of fractionated wine. Owned by renowned oenologist Nicolás Catena Zapata, which also has the management of wineries Catena Zapata, Escorihuela and Rutini, among others.
Following The agriculturalfounded in 1963 by the engineer Alberto Zuccardi in Maipú. Now he is responsible for José Alberto Zuccardi, who together with his sons Sebastian, Julia and Miguel run two wineries: Santa Julia and Zuccardi Valley of Uco and an olive grove.
Winery Valentín Bianchi It was founded in 1928 in San Rafael and another of the few that reached the mark of remaining in the hands of the founding family.
Domain of the Silver is younger, was born in 1999, when Susana Balbo decided to start his own business to enjoy his career in the wine world. The winery Susana Balbo Wines, in Luján de Cuyo, is run by her sons José and Ana.
The cooperative Fecovita is also among the most exporters. Not for less, It is among the 10 most important winegroups in the world. It was formed with the acquisition of the unit of fractionation and commercialization of the Ex Giol Wineries and Vineyards and has 5,000 associated producers through its 29 primary cooperatives throughout the province of Mendoza.
Among the most important export warehouses, Grupo Peñaflorthe Bemberg family; Wineries and Vineyards Triventoof the Chilean Concha y Toro Group; Bodegas Chandonof the international group Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessy (LVMH); Norton Winery of the Austrian businessman Gernot Langes-Swarovski; Wineries Salentein, by the Dutchman Mijndert Pon – who died in 2014; Viña Doña Paula, from the Viña Santa Rita group, also from Chile; Finca Flichman, of the Portuguese group Sogrape; Leoncio Arizu, who remains in the hands of the family, but has just presented himself as strategic partner of investment fund L Catterton; Pernod Ricardof the French Pernod Ricard Group; Molinos Rio de la Plata, by Perez Companc, and Argento Winery, which belongs to Alejando Bulgheroni, one of the greatest fortunes of Argentina.
They also make up the list Finca La Celia, Wineries and Vineyards Pascual Toso and La Riojana Cooperativa Vitivinifruticola de la Rioja Ltda.