(ANSA) – 80% of the men and 55% of women will be obese in Spain in 2030, according to a study presented today, which represents at 3,000 million euros the extra cost for the health care system. The data "are in line with what is happening in Europe, a line of moderate growth in the prevalence of overweight in the adult population," said Álvaro Hernez, one of the people in charge of the research conducted by the Hospital del Mar. in Barcelona.
Between 1987 and 2014 there was an annual overweight increase of 0.28% in men and 0.10% in women, and the increase in obesity ranged from 0.5% in men to 0.25% in men. women, according to researchers.
By 2016, there were 3 million more people who were overweight or obese than a decade earlier. If the trend continues the same, in 2030 there will be 27 million obese, affecting 80% of men and 55% of women.
"In men, overweight is more common until age 50. Then, after age 50, obesity increases more among women.These are intrinsic issues related to hormone metabolism.Women have more difficulty controlling their weight, explained Albert Goday, an endocrinologist and another of the study's authors. Expenditure on health due to overweight will be 1,950 million euros in 2016 and, if evolution continues, it could exceed 3,000 million over the next 12 years.
Excess weight increases the risk of suffering from diseases like diabetes, hypertension, stroke, cancer and cardiovascular disease. Half of the cost is for direct costs involving medical care and medication, while the other part is indirect costs which include sick leave, help etc. Experts urge to break the trend of increased nutritional education and policies to promote healthy habits, because "it is a question of health education, but also of pricing policy, such as the soft drink rate," Goday said.
The trend, of course, surpasses Spain: it goes in the same direction in Europe and the rest of the world.