The four new sexually transmitted diseases that concern the specialists – 05/02/2019



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O sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing in the world. They generate more and more concern among professionals, who see the numbers increase and also because new pathologies have begun to appear.

An article published by the BBC investigated four bacteria that "could become serious threats to public health." However, consulted by Clarin, one of the maximum local references diminishes the tension of what could happen in our country.

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"The most dramatic thing in Argentina is that we do not have a health system that identifies and detects sexually transmitted diseases," says Omar Sued, a specialist in Infectious Diseases and Director of Clinical Research at the Huésped Foundation.

One by one, the new ETS

1) Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)

As reported by the BBC, this disease can cause a "terrible infection." You may begin to produce a temporary spine, a blister or genital ulcer and then invade the lymphatic system of the body.

Over the last decade, it has become more common in Europe and North America and has been associated with multiple outbreaks of disease. In addition, it can increase the risk of contracting HIV.

In Argentina, last year, an epidemiological alert from the Ministry of Health reported the first occurrence of LGV cases. They confirmed 33 cases between September 2017 and July 2018, most of them in Buenos Aires.

"You have to pay attention because the country is circulating," explains Sued. He adds that he appears – especially in gay men – as a tail injury. Therefore, if they have anal discomfort, they should be checked by a proctologist.

2. Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus)

The BBC reports that between 5% and 10% of adult humans carry the Neisseria meningitidis on the back of the nose and throat. There have been outbreaks of invasive forms of the disease in Europe, Canada and the United States. It can be transmitted through oral sex, deep kissing or other types of intimate contacts.

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"It is the bacterium that causes meningitis, and it can rarely be transmitted through sex between closed groups, and in the United States there has been an outbreak among gay men," says Sued.

"In Argentina we have seen cases, but this really has not been a problem, it is a disease that is reported and there have been some campaigns," continues the expert.

3. Mycoplasma genitalium

It is one of the smallest known bacteria. The BBC says it infects between 1% and 2% of people and is especially common in teenagers and young adults. It can trigger a pelvic inflammatory disease in the female reproductive system, so it is associated with infertility, miscarriage, premature birth and stillbirth.

"There is a single study about 4 years ago in Malbrán that found a prevalence of 3%," says Sued. That is, they have 3 out of 100 Argentines.

"It is among the normal figures that exist in all countries, but in Argentina there is no office to go to make this diagnosis, nor for the treatment. Today, if you are a young person and want to know if you have or not you have you do not have where to go, "says Sued, and emphasizes that the city is only made at the Hospital de Clínicas.

4. Shigella flexneri (or Shigella dysentery)

It is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with human feces. The infection causes stomach cramps and bloody diarrhea. "Scientists believe that the shigella flexneri He basically took advantage of a new niche for transmission through anal sex and has since led to several outbreaks around the world, "reports the BBC.

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"It is a bacterium that is in the fecal matter, it is not a transmission disease in itself, in couples who have anal sex can give bloody diarrhea," says the Guest Foundation expert. "It has not been a problem in Argentina, it can be seen occasionally, like any pathogen that is in fecal matter, it is not to alert itself," he clarifies.

The cases in Argentina

For Sued, STDs that we must pay close attention to in our country are syphilis, chlamydia (including lymphogranuloma venereum) and gonorrhea.

"It is very important that the city establishes a way to control the epidemic of sexual infection because it has seen a very important increase," continues the expert.

He details that cases of syphilis have tripled, there has been an epidemic of hepatitis A that can also be transmitted sexually, and they are beginning to see cases of hepatitis C transmission.

And he concludes that condoms prevent all these diseases. Therefore, it is essential to use it in all relationships, whether vaginal or anal, and also during oral sex.

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