The labor market has changed especially as the recession and the fall in population income has accelerated. So more people went out to look for work because of falling family incomes. A good part found employment, but precarious, informal, low-quality services such as "changas" or new forms of services, such as deliverys and Uber.
In consequence, unemployment increased from a year ago (rising from 8.3% to 9% year-on-year), below expectations taking into account the magnitude of the recession. Even so, in one year 170,000 unemployed people were added and Unemployment reaches 1,730,000 people.
This is what most analysts interpret in INDEC data for the third quarter of the year, which confirmed a 3.5% year-on-year decline in economic activity. In this recessive context, the LCG consultancy says that more people went out looking for work "influenced by the effect of additional worker, that is, the incorporation of people into the labor market that seek to complement the income of the family group very run down by the acceleration of inflation." "
In other words, in the face of falling real family income, other members had to leave to look for work to get some extra income in the family.
In net numbers, projected across the country, in one year 390,000 went out to look for work220,000, but underemployed, in a few hours and informal jobs and 170,000 entered into unemployment.
A worker living on the Olazabal bridge who lives to do odd jobs in August this year.
The INDEC report says that there was a fall in "total employment" (1.4 points less than in the previous quarter) and an increase in the underemployed (0.6 points more than in the second quarter and 1 point more than a year ago), both because of the difficulties of finding work, "increased the proportion of unemployed with more time of search of use".
The consultant LCG points out that "Although employment has increased in quantity, the quality of employment created is lower. " He adds: "Of the new employees, more than 60% worked independently, presumably in unskilled jobs." "The findings may be less encouraging: the growth in salaried employment was based on the highest number of employees in private households (+4.3%), while industry continued to lead the decline (-2.8% year-on-year). "
The INDEC Report specifies that among the employed persons, the manufacturing industry has decreased its relative weight by 0.4 percentage points. The participation of activities related to hotels and restaurants and transportation, storage and communications also decreased. "In contrast, activities that experienced an increase in their relative weight within the branch structure of the employees were construction and domestic service where the proportion of employed persons increased by 0.3 percentage points." The underemployed rose in one year from 10.8% to 11.8%, totaling 2,270,000 people.
In the same vein, and also crossing the INDEC data with those of the Work, Ecolatina says that "the other side of the growth of workers, is in fact an expansion of self-employment and informal employment ".
At the same time, it considers that, although more people went out for work, this occurred with lower growth rates than in the past and "this may be due to the fact that in the absence of job opportunities as a result of economic activity, people are discouraged, and they fail to participate in the labor market. "
The labor data show an increase of monotributistas – 15,900 more than a year ago – that explains in part new modalities of work.
Diego's lawyer Julian points out that "in Uber as in delivery such as Rappi, Requests and Glovo, there is no typical dependency relationship and, on the contrary, there are components of the autonomous link that operate in a contradictory way, since those who provide the service operate alone and at their own risk " .
In turn, "those who provide computer services under the modality of"home Office ", do not usually have working hours or pre-established intervals, and their pay is set by objectives so that the paradigms of the past are changed where the hour and minute of admission to work are important and comply with the legal day. "
The Institute of Public Policy and Thinking (IPyPP) contributes that "the new employment is employment under conditions of underemployment, that is, characterized by the reduction of the working hours that generate lower level of income".
This poor quality of work results in a significant increase in what is known as "busy unemployed" unhappy with what they have, increasing "the effective pressure of the workforce that affects a quarter of the working population." In conclusion, the IPyPP points out that "last year the limited employment generated was based on underemployment and self-employment".
The Uber grows month by month, which generates protests of the taxi drivers.
By 2019, prospects in the labor market are uncertain. Ecolatina does not expect a recovery in the labor market, especially due to the stagnation of the investment. . "Hiring is at record lows and the greater sensitivity of informal employment before the ups and downs of the economy will account for changes in the level of employment for the rest of the year and next."