O World Health Organization (WHO) defines the phenomenon of stress as the physiological reactions that together prepare the body for action. Considered from this point of view, Stress would be an alarm, a stimulus that leads to action, a necessary response to survival which may be consistent with the requirements of the environment, or insufficient or exaggerated.
When this natural response occurs in excess, there is an overload of tension that affects the human body and causes the onset of diseases and pathological abnormalities that impede the development and normal functioning of the human body.
So we can differentiate two types of stress. The first we could call "Physiological" or acute stress. It is an adaptive mechanism for well defined situations. In this situation, our body releases hormones that make the brain more alert, making the muscles tense and increasing the pulse and blood pressure. In the short term, these reactions are favorable because they help manage the stressful situation. This is how the body protects itself.
O Chronic stress, however, lasts for an extended period of time. In this way, these hormonal changes being permanent, favor psychic, physical and immunological disorders (our defense system) causing diseases such as: hypertension, cerebrovascular infarctions, diabetes, obesity, depression or anxiety, skin problems such as acne or eczema; menstrual disorders or cancer.
Chronic stress can cause many kinds of physical and emotional symptoms. These include diarrhea or constipation, memory loss, headaches, lack of energy or concentration, sexual problems, stiff neck or jaw, tiredness, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much, stomach upset, alcohol or drug use, loss or gain of weight, pain and generalized disorders.
Obviously, as the end of the year approaches, the symptoms can be accentuated due to the proximity of holidays, festivities and extra obligations that are added at this time of year. If you present and report any of the symptoms, it is advisable to consult your doctor.
An important resource is to take advantage of the rest period to plan independent external activities that schedule a trip or not.
Establish more contact with nature; perform physical activity and, if possible, schedule for the next year:
- Achievable Objectives
- Design aspects of healthy eating in the hands of a health professional
- Perform meditation, yoga, reading exercises
- Dosing the consumption of news, limiting it to being informed but not "saturated"
- Make contacts with friends and family that may have been neglected in the year
In short, Trying to take control of our lives and social vertigo does not lead us to a life without direction or meaning.
Perhaps these tips seem utopian, but real changes are generated from within with self-interest, awareness, and planning.
* Dr. Miguel C. Sangiovanni (M.N 78.412 – M.P 222.789) is a clinical doctor, master in arterial hypertension and vascular mechanics. Medical Director – DIM Cardiovascular