Natesh Parashurama, MD, Ph.D., assistant professor of chemical and biological engineering at the University of Buffalo, is determined to place his emphasis on translating stem cell research from the laboratory to patients.
Parashurama is currently conducting research on the establishment of internal organs in 3D, similar to those of the liver and pancreas, from human stem cells. The cells of these tissues can be found in the endoderm, another target in his laboratory. The endoderm is one of the three germ layers in the embryo, eventually developing some of the most critical internal organs and tissues in the body. He performed one of the first studies to divide endodermal progenitor cells and make it evident that they can develop 3D tissue in living animals, and co-authored one of the first works illustrating how stem cells could reverse liver disease.
In addition, during an interview, Parashurama shared that the potential is endless with stem cells. It's a regenerative remedy. Most chronic diseases in medicine can be answered by stem cells. They will change medicine forever. In addition, surgery with organ transplants could be replaced by new stem cell organs. Currently, patients die on organ transplant waiting lists. In orthopedic surgery, surgeons can use stem cells to establish new ligaments in the knee or to procreate new limbs.
Currently, stem cells are also being appropriate for study purposes and / or for overcoming various human diseases, including treatments for blood disorders, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's, heart disease, and macular degeneration blindness. A new achievement has recently been unlocked in the UK with reports demonstrating that the possible use of retinal progenitor cells to treat macular degeneration restores vision in patients.
California is recognized as the state with the most advanced stem cell initiative; and the state of New York should also be investing in stem cell technology because stem cells are at the center of all modern biological interfaces. Doctors can now tap into any cell in the body to create a pluripotent human stem cell, and that cell can turn into any cell in the body. In the near future, doctors will be able to develop truly personalized medicines using these cells. This field has rapidly transformed in the last 15 years.
The Harvard Stem Cell Institute was established in 2004 with private funds. At the same time, California invested $ 3 million to develop the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine (CIRM), a huge sum for research, education, and training. In return, all California state universities and private institutions established institutes or stem cell centers and began recruiting exceptional scientists and students. Globally, stem cell research is important in Europe, Australia, Canada and Asia. The science of stem cells has significant influence on medicine and allows us to better understand human development.
Source: Medical Xpress
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