Although between January and June of this year there fall in the number of staff hired by temporary employment agencies, this is mainly explained in seasonal terms, according to industry sources.
The INDEC report on the evolution of temporary work during the first half of the year shows that the first month of 2018 closed with 55,006 temporary workers hired by agency, while in June the number dropped to 48,380. "This behavior of the market is habitual, due to the greater demand of temporary workers in the summer and harvest periods", explains Ricardo Wachowicz, president of the Federation of Temporary Enterprises of Argentina (FAETT) and of the Bayton Group.
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On the other hand, the year-on-year comparison between June 2017 and June 2018 a slight decrease in the number of temporary contract workers: from 49,611 to 43,380.
Despite the recessive context and the increase in the unemployment rate (reaching 9.6% in the second quarter, 5 tenths above the previous measurement), the temporary employment sector expects to continue at current levels "even more if we consider that the projection of hiring temporary workers anticipates the evolution of the economy," says Wachowicz .
Temporary staff accounted for 0.77% of total formal private employment during the second quarter, which totaled 6,211,000 workers, according to data from the then Ministry of Labor.
60% of temporary jobs are concentrated in the city of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires.
Regarding geographic distribution, the INDEC report shows a clear concentration of temporary workers in the city of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires: almost 60% of the temporary workers work in these localities, while the province of Córdoba owns 6.2%, Santa Fé 8.5% and Mendoza 3.9% of the total.
The sociodemographic factor
Temporary work mainly affects the occupation of young people. The report informs that 69.4% of these workers are less than 30 years old; 24.4% are workers between 31 and 45 years and 6.1% are over 45 years old.
According to a survey of professionals from FAETT partner companies, for 7 out of 10 respondents, young people are interested in temporary proposals based on: the possibility of balancing their studies with part-time work (60%), formal and registered employment benefits (20%), the opportunity to acquire work experience (10%) and the economic contribution granted by an occupation in relation to dependency (10%).
Regarding gender composition, 73.1% of informal workers are men and 26.9% are women. "This is due to the type of task typically carried out by temporary workers in Argentina, where industrial operators prevail"Says Wachowicz.
According to the INDEC report, segmentation in relation to the level of schooling reached indicates that 63.8% of temporary workers have completed high school; 8.9% completed university or tertiary education and 4.6% completed higher education. The remaining 13.3% have incomplete secondary education.
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