Scientists reveal how the brain 'predicts' the future


Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley (USA) have discovered that the brain uses two 'clocks' to perform temporal predictions found in different parts of that organ.

This study suggests that "there are two distinct ways" in which these brain systems "allow us not only to exist," but also "actively anticipate the future", explained the specialist who has led this research, Assaf Breska, and reports the website Science Daily.

Thus, one of these internal mechanisms is based on the experiences of the past and is connected to the cerebellum, while the other it depends on the rhythm and is connected to the basal ganglia.

The system based on rhythm "is sensitive to periodic events, such as that which is innate to speech and music". On the other hand, "the interval system provides a more general anticipation capability, sensitive to temporal regularities even in the absence of a signal."

An example of the first situation will be to move the body before the first note of the music sounds, while the second one will be illustrated by the fact that the accelerator pedal is depressed a fraction of a second before the light of the light changes .

These findings will challenge the idea that a single brain system handles all of our temporal needs and will suggest that if one of these 'neural clocks' fails, the other can take over their tasks.


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