O kidney cancer It is among the ten most common types of cancer in men and women. According to data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), this type of cancer has an incidence of 403,262 cases in the world and causes 175,098 deaths.
It is a type of cancer that arises from the kidney cells and another name with which it is known is "renal cell carcinoma". And given that less than one in 20 people with cancer suffer from this type of disease, it is considered a rare disease, according to data from the International Renal Cancer Coalition.
"The renal tumors comprise a set of pathologies that are characterized by masses of renal localization of different etiologies: at one end we have simple cysts that represent a completely benign pathology and, at the other extreme, malignant lesions that require surgery to solve them". According to urologist Fernando Monti (MN 72503), "it is possible to classify pathologies of doubtful malignancy in terms of their diagnosis or solid masses (angiomyolipomas, oncocytomas and complex cystic masses) that sometimes do not require surgery and only periodic control"
Modern imaging methods allow accurate diagnosis in a high percentage of cases and thus focus on the correct treatment of them.
In the early stages, the disease usually does not cause signs or symptoms, but larger tumors could present them.
"The typical symptoms of these tumors are lumbar or flank pain, tumor that swells the area, and microscopic hemorrhage or microhematuria (visible on urine) or macroscopic (visible to the naked eye in urine)," said the study's expert. Sanatorium Agote, who stressed that "it can also be associated with a wide range of symptoms that can sometimes confuse the cause of origin, and that is why this tumor is called the" great simulator ".
Other signs that should be taken into account are tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss without diet, fever that is not caused by an infection and does not fade and anemia.
The importance of early diagnosis of these lesions is noteworthy because a significant amount is discovered accidentally or during the routine examination and allows a highly effective surgical treatment.
Treatment varies according to the stage of the patient. The stage of a cancer depends on the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to other organs or not. This allows us to consider the type of treatment the patient needs and to plan long-term medical follow-up.
In this sense, the treatment will be determined by the size of the tumor, by the spread of the cancer to the nearby lymph nodes, by the spread of the cancer to other organs, that is, with metastases.
According to Monti, "the treatment of the renal tumor is essentially surgical". "Traditionally, because of its location, surgery required a magnitude intervention and involved a slow recovery in the hospital. Today, due to advances in technology and medical training, it is possible to resolve most cases by laparoscopy with minimally invasive techniques that allow that only the tumor is removed without removing the entire kidney, in larger cases the extraction is complete, "he said, adding," In both situations patient recovery involves less pain, fewer incisions, cosmetic improvement of the scars through incisions on the skin, a faster recovery that results in reintegration into normal life and work in less time.
Finally, Monti pointed out that "the development of lesions is related to smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, arterial hypertension, renal failure and other rare or rare diseases."
This approach and comprehensive patient management ensures healing and safety goals without neglecting the important human aspect which deserves special attention and which, in the last instance, generates a better acceptance by the patient with physical and psychological recovery in an optimized way with respect to the standardized surgical treatments.