Sunday , June 20 2021

Recommendations to prevent hantavirus :: El Litoral – News – Santa Fe – Argentina

The Litoral | Gob of Santa Fe

The Ministry of Health, through the Directorate of Promotion and Prevention, recalled the key measures to prevent hantavirus, a serious acute viral disease, which is transmitted to humans through a rodent known as "Collargo".

People get sick from contact with saliva, feces, and rodent urine. Also by inhaling when breathing in open or closed places, where feces or urine from infected rodents release the virus contaminating the environment, water or food. It can also be by direct contact by touching live or dead infected rodents or biting them.

It should also be noted that person-to-person transmission has been reported in certain areas of the country.


Hantavirus is included in febrile syndromes. The symptoms begin as an influenza with fever, great decay, muscle aches and catarrh.

Subsequently, low blood pressure, sudden tachycardia and increased temperature. In some cases, it usually also produces gastroenteritis with vomiting, usually accompanied by diarrhea.

After a few days, there may be respiratory discomfort, which may be aggravated by the production of what is known as hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome, which, though rare, can lead to death if left untreated.


There is no specific treatment.

Patients with hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome should be seen in hospital units, preferably in intensive care units with mechanical ventilation.

Preventive measures

<< Before settling into a house or uninhabited hut, open and ventilate for at least an hour. Check for rodents.

<< If a live rodent is found, do not try to catch it. If the rodent is dead, spray it with 10% bleach (1 part bleach in 9 parts cold water) and collect it in a double pouch using as a glove, along with everything that could be in contact and buried -or as deeply as possible. burn

<< Clean with thick rubber gloves, these should be washed, still placed, in a solution with detergent and another with disinfectant.

<< Dampen with plenty of water before sweeping and wipe with a cloth moistened with chlorine solution, surfaces, appliances and furniture.

<< If you sleep outside, examine the location that will occupy if there are excrement or burrows.

<< Avoid sleeping near piles of wood or trash that can be frequented by rodents.

<< Avoid sleeping on the floor without protection. Use mats 25 inches off the floor.

<< Bury or burn all the trash.

<< Keep the camp clean.

<< Consume boiled or chlorinated water if it is not potable.

<< Do not put sleeping bags on the floor where you see stools, holes, trash cans or piles of wood.

<< Do not sleep directly on the ground.

<< Store food in tightly closed containers.

<< Burn, bury or place in trash containers, all trash or leftover food.

<< Use only bottled, chlorinated or boiled water for drinking, cooking or dishwashing.

<< Do not bring grass or sticks from the floor to the mouth.


For more information on the places where the disease is endemic and / or more frequent, among other preventive measures, you can consult:

<< The Travel Medicine Service of the Center of Ambulatory Medical Specialties (Cemafe), in Santa Fe, Mendoza 2419. And / or requesting once to the email [email protected]

<< In the Provincial Direction of Promotion and Prevention of Health, Bv. Galvez 1563 from Santa Fe, Te / Fax: 0342-4573714 / 15 – 4573758 – 4574804. Also at the Rosario Delegation, Rioja 801 Telephone (0341) 472-1110.

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