In 2018, two countries were integrated into the prestigious club of those that are already 100% renewable, at least during certain times of the year, these countries are Norway and Portugal.
For some time now Portugal has been reinforcing its investments in renewable energies and these efforts have already yielded strong and irreversible results. A report by the Association of Renewable Energies of Portugal reported that the month of March of generation with renewable source reached 103.6 percent of the demand of the whole country. Much more than I needed. Of this percentage, 55.5% were hydroelectric and 40.2% wind, while the remaining percentage corresponded to solar energy.
What renewable energy does not generate benefits? Of course yes!!. The country saved 21 million euros and the planet was saved from the emission of 1.8 million tons of carbon.
This year, Norway achieved between 100 and 98% clean production thanks to the hydroelectric plant, which occupies more than 96% of the sector in which important projects were developed and new technologies were used. Two to four percent comes from wind, solar and bioenergy. Norway is also promoting green transport, and here too it has another world record, in less than a decade it was proposed to give a full turn to electric vehicles.
In 2017, the country achieved 300 days of 100% renewable energy, thanks mainly to hydroelectric generation projects. In 2018, the new president of this nation announced the ban on fossil fuels that promote hybrids, electric and other sustainable alternatives. When, over three decades ago, Costa Rica began to talk about clean energy, it seemed that it was about building sand castles, but now the time has gone well and the country has achieved great successes beyond promises and good intentions.
This small country of 3.4 million people has already harnessed the full potential of its rivers for hydroelectric generation and has been investing 3% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) each year in a structural reform to achieve energy sovereignty in years of drought and reduce your environmental footprint. Energía Limpa XXI highlights that in the last 6 years Uruguay has invested more than 22 billion dollars in sustainable removable energy and is now emerging as a regional leader. The country has extraordinary winds and is where its greatest use is to generate clean energy. Note that this does not mean that you neglect solar energy or the use of biogas.
Iceland and Lesotho
Lesotho hydropower plants: In 1998, a hydroelectric power plant was inaugurated that allows the sale of energy and water in South Africa. The country produces 90% of the energy it needs and the small industry in the country is based on the processing of agricultural products and clothing. Lesotho managed to be 100% renewable, thanks to hydropower, but still dealing with the drought of those days by buying energy from other neighboring countries. The renewable process must be consolidated and progressing.
Iceland's volcanoes: Energy in Iceland is based almost exclusively on renewable energy. In 2011, this country produced 65 444 GWh of primary energy, of which more than 85% came from local sources of renewable energy. The geothermal energy of the volcanoes gave 66.3% of the primary energy, complemented by the hydropower of 19.1% and other sources. In 2013, the electricity produced reached 18 116 GWh, which was generated almost 100% by renewable energies – they surpassed 99% in 1982 and have been almost exclusive since then. The main uses of geothermal energy are heating buildings, with 45.4% of total geothermal energy consumption, and electricity generation, with 38.8%. About 85% of the country's homes are heated with this energy.
This road is not easy, there are many interests, especially the big oil companies. Now the march to victory does nothing to stop renewable energy. They are advancing against all odds in Spain, with a new place in Argentina and, of course, in Colombia, Bolivia, Mexico and Brazil.
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