Three out of four Argentine doctors recommend drinking wine in moderation and a totally counter-indica, according to research recently presented at an international congress and coordinated by the cardiologist Ricardo López Santi, who showed that there is no consensus among professionals about the consumption of that beverage.
The study, which was conducted by 745 Argentine physicians – 671 cardiologists, 18 internal medicine specialists, 17 general practitioners and 36 other specialists – and presented at the World Congress of Cardiology this month in Dubai, was endorsed by the Argentine Federation of Cardiology. Cardiology (FAC) and approved by the Research Ethics Board of Queen's University, Canada.
The results are preliminary as they will be filled with data provided by Canadian and Uruguayan professionals, countries where a survey on the effect of alcohol on cardiovascular health is also being conducted.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the recommended daily measure, technically known as UBE (Standard Drink Unit), contains about 10 grams of alcohol, which is equivalent to a glass of wine of 100 milliliters, a jug of beer. of 250 or a glass of 30 milliliters of whiskey.
In addition, the measurements differ by gender: due to differences in metabolism, two UBE are recommended for men and one for women per day.
Concerning perceptions about moderate alcohol consumption, 71% of physicians in the country feel that moderate consumption is "beneficial" for cardiovascular health, although half (36%) affirm that this effect occurs "in particular with red wine . "
Meanwhile, 24% (179/737) considered that "any consumption is harmful", while the remaining 5% (37/737) had other opinions.
The study found that three in four doctors recommend their patients to drink in moderation, while one totally contraindicates.
"Excessive alcohol consumption poses a health risk because according to the WHO it appears as the cause of more than 200 diseases that cause 3.3 million deaths a year," he told the agency. Telam López Santi.
However, light to moderate consumption "was not reported as a health hazard," and in the particular case of wine is associated with "prevention of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer," he said.
"There is a double glance: on the one hand, excessive consumption can cause damage to various organs, including the heart, causing dilation and heart failure, while moderate consumption, especially of red wine, shows evidence of fewer individuals with coronary artery disease ", he said.
He continued: "This has drawn attention, especially after studies published in the 1990s that analyzed the diet of the French, with a high fat content and, contrary to expectations, with a lower presence of coronary disease."
"This is known as the" French paradox "and was attributed to moderate and regular consumption of wine, so it is estimated that drinking 200 cubic centimeters of wine five times a week may be the appropriate dose for men , and half for women, "he said.
Asked about differences in doctors' recommendations, Lopez Santi commented that the study he coordinated alongside the Canadian Adrián Baranchuk "sought answers".
"More than 80% of the doctors interviewed said they were not satisfied with their knowledge of international consumer guidelines and said that these measures are confusing and four out of ten said they did not know them directly," he said.