New cases of leprosy in Argentina, what appeared to be an eradicated disease alarmed society again. Ministry of Health of the province of Missions They warned that during 2018 about 36 people were affected.
Of the total number of those infected, only 26 patients were discharged after treatment, health officials said.
What it is?
It is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae (or "Hansen bacillus") and can reach a long incubation period of up to 10 years, depending on the immunity of each patient. In addition, it preferentially affects the skin and peripheral nerves, as well as certain internal organs.
How are you hired?
It should be borne in mind that not all people are susceptible to this chronic infection, since often the body develops defenses against bacteria.
This means that the most defenseless people are at greater risk of contracting him for "direct and prolonged contact" with undiagnosed patients or those who are not receiving treatment, the Misiones health group warned.
What is the treatment for leprosy?
Dr. Juan Rusiñol (MN 74521), member of the Dermatology Service of the German Hospital, explained that the treatment is outpatient and consists of the combination of different antibiotics and anti-inflammatories orally and for periods between 6 and 12 months, depending on the type of leprosy that occurs. The disease is curable if treatment is fully achieved.
The key is early consultation before a clinical sign for early diagnosis, proper treatment of the patient and control of his family. Prevention consists of diagnosing and treating early and controlling people living in the same household. The treated patient can develop their life in a normal way, according to TN published today.
What is the situation in Argentina regarding this disease?
Although in the country we have reached the goal of elimination defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) with a rate lower than 1 per 10 thousand inhabitants, in recent years there are still cases of this disease. Here the infection is characterized by its moderate endemicity and focus on certain geographic areas, such as the NEA, NOA and central provinces, although they are believed to be related to internal migrations and, occasionally, bordering countries such as Bolivia and Paraguay.