Perhaps for many, its name "sounds" to diseases of the past, totally eradicated. But it's not like that. New cases were detected in Argentina. It is a chronic infectious disease produced by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae (or "Hansen bacillus"). You can have an incubation period very long (up to 10 years), depending on the immunity of the patient. It preferably affects the skin and peripheral nerves and can also affect certain internal organs.
Since Ministry of Health of the province of Misiones local media reported that during 2018 they were detected 36 cases of leprosy. Of the total number of those infected, 26 were patients who were discharged after treatment, health officials said.
How does it spread?
Not everyone is susceptible to contracting the disease. Under normal conditions, the body develops natural "barriers" against bacteria. However, there is people with few defenses who have a higher risk of contracting the disease "direct and prolonged contact"With patients without diagnosis or without treatment, the diagnosis and control of the patient until his discharge from the hospital is very important," as well as the control of his cohabitants, "the health portfolio noted.
To avoid this, it is recommended that look for spots on the skin and go to the doctor immediately, experts emphasize that it is a "slow disease," because what you consult is critical.
What is the treatment of leprosy?
Dr. Juan Rusiñol (MN 74521), member of the German Hospital Dermatology Service, explained that the treatment is ambulatory and consists of the combination of different antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs by mouth and for periods between 6 and 12 months, depending on the type of leprosy that occurs. The disease is curable if treatment is fully achieved.
The key is early consultation before a clinical sign for early diagnosis, proper treatment of the patient and control of his family. O prevention is to diagnose and treat early and control the people who live in the same house. The treated patient can develop their life in a normal way.
The situation at the country level
Although Argentina has achieved the goal of elimination defined by World Health Organization (WHO) with lower 1 for every 10 thousand inhabitantsIn recent years there are still cases of this disease, as explained in this note. In our country, leprosy is characterized by moderate endemicity and focus on certain geographic areas, such as the NEA, NOA and central provinces, although they are believed to be related to internal migrations and occasionally to neighboring countries such as Bolivia and Paraguay.