An observational study by the American Cancer Society associates habit change with a reduction of up to 50% in premature mortality among the less active population. The results
Physical activity promotes growth and development from a very early age, promotes rest over time, decreases the risk of chronic diseases and strengthens the bone system, among other benefits, not to mention that it also creates teamwork spaces, games and ultimately a healthier life.
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In order to obtain the substantial benefits of continuous practice, World Health Organization (WHO) It has minimum standards of activity that are indispensable according to the age group: for adults, it recommends 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity physical activity, or 75 minutes of vigorous practice.
In case of children and adolescents from 5 to 17 years, the recommended time is longer: the ideal is for minors to invest as minimum 60 minutes daily in moderate to vigorous physical activity.
On this basis, a study by the American Cancer Society He concluded that replacing half an hour of sitting watching television or reading practicing physical activity over the same period of time is associated with a reduction of up to almost 50% in premature mortality among the less active population.
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Observational research on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention was published in the journal American Journal of Preventive Medicine and included 92.541 people. The specialists analyzed the levels of sedentarism and activity of the participants over the 14 yearsAnd he evaluated the effect of adding 30 minutes of daily exercise into their lives.
The shift from habit to less active (the range covers those who did up to 17 minutes of exercise per day) was considerable: it was associated with a reduction 14% on the risk of death for those who have done light physical activity it's the 45% for those who followed a vigorous practice.
Different was for those who remained more active, who exercised with a certain regularity and moderate frequency, because although the relation was equally positive, the values were reduced to a 6% in mortality among those who did half an hour of mild activity, and 17%among those who did it vigorously.
Physical activity includes exercise as a concept, but also other activities that involve the movement of the body and are performed as part of the moments of play, work, active forms of transportation, household chores and recreational activities. This type of activities they were not considered in the study.
The conclusion of the scientific paper suggests that "substituting modest amounts of session time for light physical activity may have the potential to reduce the risk of premature death among less active adults."
The extra 30 minutes per day for which the research aims do not involve a lot of effort. Nor the quantities suggested by WHO. However, the inclusion of a dose of activity in the daily routine can be a difficult habit to adopt, especially in less active populations, such as in Argentina.
According to data from the Third National Survey of Risk Factors, 1 in 2 Argentines does not perform the recommended minimum amount of physical activity. The 2018 relay showed that the percentage of the population in the country that does not comply with medical recommendations and lead a sedentary life is 54.9%.
Lack of time, laziness to go to the gym or complicated work schedules are some of the most common mitigating of this attempt against the intention of putting the body in motion.
Pedro Horvatpsychiatrist and psychoanalyst, considered in dialogue with Infobae that this contempt for activity is the product of several questions: "First, a denial of health needs and the passage of time."
"I think this also has to do with the relationship you have with the body. For many, the body is a comfortable place. But for others, they do not feel that it is part of their self esteem"Said the expert, and from another perspective he left the door open for another possibility:A "childish" life is sought, delivered to relax, to pleasure, unlike the life of sports ".
Finally, Horvat analyzed that "life in our society does not leave much room for physical activity. For the majority, it passes through the rest and the rest happens to be sitting, relaxed, watching TV, not practicing in a gym. "