Four symptoms that indicate that you are most likely to have Parkinson's disease



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Four symptoms that indicate that you are most likely to have Parkinson's disease

Do you move too much when you sleep or have lost your sense of smell? The latest findings on Parkinson's indicate that these may be some of the earliest signs of brain changes that would announce that a person is at high risk of suffering from the disease.

When you talk about Parkinson's, the image that comes to mind is that of an elderly person who shakes and has trouble moving, according to BBC World.

In the latter stages of the disease, this is usually the case: bradykinesia (the medical term describing the slow movement) and prominent tremor are two of the most important symptoms of Parkinson's.

Research done over the last 15 years has begun to clarify some of the symptoms that appear in the early stages of the disease, sometimes long before the movement changes that many people associate with Parkinson's disease. .

These are four of the most common signs that can advertise that a person is more likely to suffer from this disorder:

1. Loss of sense of smell

Many people diagnosed with Parkinson's coincide when they remember changes in the sense of smell several years before they develop the first tremors or any other mobility-related symptom.

Most patients do not realize that their olfactory capacity has worsened, but after testing patients with the disease, it has been found that in 90% of cases the sense of smell has worsened.

2. Impairment of sleep quality

Changes in sleep patterns, such as REM sleep behavior disorder, are related to the risk of Parkinson's disease.

This disorder, known as TCSR, is much more than having a bad night: people who experience it dream aloud and sometimes make violent movements to the point of injury, although they often do not remember anything at all.

The TCSR is uncommon and can only be diagnosed by a specific sleep study. Research indicates that people who suffer from it will develop Parkinson's disease or a similar illness over a period of no more than 10 years.

3. constipation

Digestive problems related to intestinal transit represent an additional difficulty for people suffering from Parkinson's.

We have recently learned that they may appear long before the tremor and bradykinesia for which patients are referred to the neurologist.

As with many of these symptoms, a person may suffer from constipation for many and varied reasons, but it has been shown that Parkinson's sufferers have difficulties with intestinal transit.

In fact, it is possible that constipation is one of the first signs: it can appear up to 20 years before the diagnosis of the disease.

4. Anxiety and depression

Episodes of anxiety or depression, in addition to the logical ups and downs of daily life, are one of the main symptoms manifested by people with Parkinson's.

They often give more importance to changes in physical movements. We believe that depressive symptoms are due to changes in brain chemical activity, which could occur up to 10 years before the diagnosis of Parkinson's.

It is pertinent to remember that these changes can occur for several reasons.

The fact that all the symptoms described above do not mean that the patient will develop Parkinson's infallibly. But studies to date have shown that patients with the disease have manifested all or some of these symptoms.

If you are interested in being part of an investigation that seeks to identify the high risk of developing the disease in the future, in order to prevent or cure the problem, visit the Predict PD website (not available in Spanish).

Translated article thanks to the collaboration of the Lilly Foundation.

Source: BBC World

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