Confirmed hantavirus outbreak in Epuyén



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cases of hantavirus in the nearby town of Epuyén alarmed the inhabitants of the area and the health agencies requested to take the necessary precautions to prevent the spread of the virus.

The cases of hantavirus detected are described as "outbreaks" because "they occur in the same context, in the city of Epuyen, at the same time and in the same place," the doctor Jorge Elias told Telam. Likewise, due to the configuration of the cases, it was recognized that the possibility of having been transmitted by interpersonal contagion came into force in the last hours.

The most common known form of how the epidemic spreads is through the virus that transmits the small rodent "Oligoryzomys longicaudatus", known as "colilargo rat".

So far, there have been six positive cases of hantavirus, two of which have died from the virus. In addition, two patients were discharged, one is admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Esquel's Zonal Hospital in the respirator weaning process, and the other is an outpatient in good clinical condition.

In the last hours, different information began to circulate in social networks that spoke of a "chaotic" situation in the hospital of Esquel. This was denied by the hospital director himself. "It's a lie that the therapy has collapsed, it's crazy to say that they do not go to Epuyén," Pablo Nouveau told Noticiad del Bolsón.

Symptoms and recommendations

Symptoms resemble a flu-like condition: fever, muscle aches, chills, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes abdominal pain and diarrhea. After a few days, there may be aggravated respiratory discomfort, producing what is known as "hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome," which, although rare, can lead to death if left untreated.

When entering a place closed for a long time:

  • Open the windows and the door (outside) and ventilate for one hour
  • Wear the N95 mask N99 or N100, plus appropriate clothing.
  • Spray the floor with bleach diluted in 10% water
  • Perform the cleaning tasks the site requires.
  • Wash your hands at the end of the task. Clothing should be used exclusively for this activity.

Before weeding, disassembling or mobilization of materials:

  • Use of appropriate work clothing, closed shoes, N 95/99/100 mask, goggles and heavy gloves.

In outdoor activities:

  • Only camp in authorized locations. Camp in distant places of firewood piles and vegetation of closed vegetation.
  • Keep food in closed containers to avoid attracting rodents. During the night, do not leave food or water in dishes or open containers.
  • Avoid traveling through areas of dense woods, in case firewood collection do so only in open places and as much as possible during the day.
  • Ride only on paths and with closed shoes.
  • Avoid entering any building that is not in use (stables, sheds, or firewood).
  • Before consuming water from natural sources, add one drop of bleach per liter of water.

In case of finding dead rodents:

  • Spray diluted bleach in 10% water (9 parts water and 1 part bleach)
  • Put in double bag using a glove or the same bags to collect it.
  • Burying deep or burning. In case of incineration, do so in a controlled place (for example, inside a can), avoiding a risk of fire.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water at the end of the task.

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