Chinese spacecraft launches on mission to the far side of the moon



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China has launched its Lander Chang and 4 and rover today from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center as part of a mission that hopes to land on the other side of the Moon. Chang & 4; Chang and China, and would be the first vessel to land on the other side of the Moon. It demonstrates the competitiveness of the country's space program on the international stage.

Because the Moon is locked with the Earth – its day is the same length as its orbit – there is a distant side that is never facing us. China launched its Queqiao satellite earlier this year to communicate with the lander and the rover.

The mission will explore the composition of the largest impact crater on the Moon, called the 186 km-diameter Von Kármán crater. He will use a spectrometer and a radar to characterize the area in which he touches.

The opposite side of the Moon is blocked from earth's radio noise and could serve as a potential location for a radio telescope. The mission contains radio spectrometers to characterize this radio wave environment. It also carries seeds as part of a "miniature biosphere" experiment to grow vegetables on lunar soil.

The spacecraft should take 27 days to arrive, reports the Planetary Society.

Chang & # 39; and 4 follows a series of Chinese lunar missions, including two orbiting and one lander. It demonstrates the continued success of the country's space program; was the third nation to send humans to space, reports CBS, and has its own space station.

Chinese scientists and astronauts are banned from using the International Space Station as the US government refuses to work with China on space activities.

China plans to launch the Chang & # 39; and 5 next year, a mission to return samples of the Moon. They hope to put a human on the Moon in the 2030s.

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