Suffering from this skin disease causes depression and anxiety in six out of ten patients, which affects their quality of life and even leads to suicidal thoughts, experts say.
O atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease that consists of pruritic and scaly rashes. It's a type of eczema. And according to the US National Library of Medicine. It is more common in babies. It can start even at the age of 2 to 6 months. Many people overcome this over time in early adulthood.
"Because of their symptoms, patients see their lives affected by various socioeconomic reasons that this condition leads to," said dermatologist Angelica Beirana to Efe.
The specialist noted that, just like acne, atopic dermatitis is one of the leading causes of dermatological consultation.
Both have a strong impact on patients' self-esteem regardless of age, as they tend to be provoked and discriminated because of their appearance.
Beirana explained that this disease commonly presents its first symptoms in the first year of life and that it is very easy to recognize its symptoms.
"In infants, the cheeks turn red because of the dryness, besides itching and the diaper area is also reddish," said the specialist.
That is why he recommended paying attention to the symptoms so that the babies can be diagnosed and treated in a timely manner.
According to a study carried out by the Mexican Foundation of Dermatology, of patients suffering from this disease, a 60% they have depression, 90% anxiety and 85% gifts important itching.
In addition, due mainly to itching, their sleep hours are affected because, on average, they sleep 2.5 hours less than the general population.
In addition, the 27% of patients suffer physical or psychological harassment, especially children, and 11% They feel discriminated against because of the appearance of their skin.
"One of the characteristics of this disease is that the skin has lesions and bleeding. Often patients hide these symptoms, do not go to public places or lose work to avoid provocations or something that bothers them," explained allergist María de Jesús Vázquez.
Although treatment in mild and moderate cases is usually based on hydration of the skin and medications, mainly steroids and cortisone, about 2% of all patients can not control the disease.
"At least 60% of the cases are mild, 15% serious and the rest moderate, but often self-medication and lack of follow up prevent patients from having good control of this condition," said dermatologist Linda. García, president of the Mexican Academy of Dermatology.
The specialist explained that patients should take special care to control this condition, such as using special soap, bath only with warm water and, shortly, wear cotton clothes, avoid sweating and also sudden changes in temperature.
In addition, it should be taken into account that a multifactorial treatment is necessary to achieve a good control of the disease.
Dr. Javier Gómez, president of the Mexican College of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, emphasized that it is necessary for patients to follow the doctor's treatment and instructions in a timely manner.
"Failure to do this can lead to the development of other conditions such as diabetes, hypertension or glaucoma, especially if medications are not taken correctly," he said.
The experts asked that the population be aware of the symptoms, especially the itching that is the main indicator of this disease and also invited to participate in the campaign #BajoMiPielDA, with which they intend to inform and raise awareness about this disease.