In Argentina, it is estimated that one in ten people over the age of 18 have some type of diabetes, more than one percentage point of the world average, which corresponds to 8.5% of the population, according to official data on this disease. The World Day is celebrated on November 14 of each year.
"Diabetes is a disease whose prevalence is increasing worldwide, and it is estimated that this will affect more than 592 million people by 2035. Today, it is estimated that more than 425 million people suffer from it," said Carlos Reguera, a cardiologist and head of the area of Preventive Medicine and Cardiology of Ineba (Institute of Neurosciences of Buenos Aires).
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not use the insulin it produces efficiently.
According to data released by the World Health Organization, the overall prevalence of the disease is 8.5%; while in Argentina the latest Risk Factors Survey (2013) estimated that the national prevalence is 9.8%.
There are different types of diabetes: Type 1 is not preventable and is produced by inadequate secretion of insulin into the pancreas of unknown cause; It usually manifests during childhood with symptoms such as exaggerated thirst and hunger, abundant production of urine (polyuria) and changes in vision.
"Its prevalence in relation to type 2 is low, but for families where it occurs is 100% of its life, so it is important to provide information," said Liliana Tieri, president of the Association for the Treatment of Diabetes in Argentina ( TAKE CARE).
As an example, Tieri described that "in schools, teachers should not be frightened if a child takes blood glucose or has to take insulin, nor should they prevent it from doing physical activity because, on the contrary, it is highly recommended for them. "
Type 2 diabetes is the most frequent form (85-90% of cases) and usually manifests itself in adulthood and, according to the WHO, "is an important cause of blindness, renal failure, myocardial infarction, stroke and amputation of the lower limbs ".
"This diabetes can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight by exercising at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise (eg brisk walking) on most days of the week, eating healthily (avoiding sugar and saturated fats), and not smoking" , said Carlos González Malla, member of the Argentine Cardiological Foundation (FCA).
He added that "the positive about type 2 diabetes is that it can be detected early, before its clinical manifestations appear, and if measures such as weight reduction, healthy diet and exercise are adopted, the risk of complications can be reduced."