All there is to know about the new vaccination law in Argentina


Last week, in a session without debate, the senators approved in tables and by unanimity, a new norm to guarantee the gratuity and obligatoriness of the vaccines. What are the main points?

The new Vaccine Law, a bill authored by the Tucuman deputy Pablo Yedlin, obtained 60 positive votes, replacing Law 22,909, which dates from the time of the military dictatorship, and updates the regulation for guarantee new controls and give the State the responsibility to keep the vaccination schedule current and promote its effective adherence.

The new law declares "Vaccination as a national interest, understood as such for research, epidemiological surveillance, evidence-based decision making, acquisition, storage, distribution and delivery of vaccines, ensuring the cold chain as well as its production.

Thus, the free access to vaccination services "with social equity for all stages of life", the obligation to apply vaccines for all inhabitants and the prevalence of public health over the particular interest, among other principles.

"This is great news for public health, a bill that became law in less than a year, a federal law with technical consensus, and supported by all the blocs of the National Congress," he explained. Infobae Dr. Carla Vizzotti, President of the Argentine Society of Vaccine and Epidemiology (SAVE).

He added: "The new standard provides a vaccination program, a vision and components of the most evolved vaccine programs in the present times, since it allows updating the legal framework, modernizing it and considering the immense advances in vaccination in general and the immunization program of Argentina in particular. "

For the health prevention expert, this new law is nothing less than a great opportunity "for the national state, provinces, municipalities, health teams, health centers, community and media for communication to empower and take as its own to promote population access to vaccines. "

The contributions provided by the new law are numerous and concrete. Firstly, it reaffirms vaccination as a State policy, where vaccines are still free and compulsory, as always. To this it is added that the National State is responsible for acquiring the necessary supplies for the vaccination and supplying them to the 24 jurisdictions.

"It also states vaccination for all stages of life and all components of the Immunization program dand national interest. It also defines vaccination as a social good and establishes the prevalence of public health over private interest, "Vizzotti emphasized.

The law also establishes compulsory vaccination of health personnel and laboratory, favors management of the health authority for exemption from vaccination taxes and gives force of law to external advisory committees CoNaIn (National Immunization Commission) and CoNaSeVa (National Vaccine Safety Commission).

Another article states that "the constancy of the application of the vaccine, with the prior authorization of the employer, justifies the absence of work from the day of the request." "Under no circumstances will there be loss or reduction of wages, salaries or premiums for this concept," adds the law.

The National Vaccination Calendar will be necessary for procedures such as entering and leaving the school year; conducting medical examinations for work; processing or renewal of ID, passport, residence, prenuptial certificate and driver's license; and the processing of family allowances.

Until now, the requirement to have up-to-date vaccinations was only for children and their certificate was required to enroll in schools. However, with the modification, now adults, depending on age, will also need the document to perform these procedures. The updating of the law also establishes the gratuity of vaccination and its exemption from taxes. "The state must guarantee the purchase of vaccines and supplies," the text says.

It was also established that the document to be presented is the so-called Exclusive Immunization Card (CUV) in which mandatory vaccination records must be maintained and will have to generate access to the vaccines for the population. The card will be issued by agencies authorized to apply vaccines, such as hospitals (public and private) and pharmacies. It will also be necessary to process family benefits and tests. The law clarifies, among several things, that "failure to comply with the established presentation will not be an obstacle in the process".

From the National Registry of Persons, an agency reporting to the Interior Ministry, they told Infobae that they will not be prevented from prosecuting because they do not have the vaccine certificate. Article 13 of the law clarifies when it says: "so as to favor the population's access to vaccination at all stages of life, without impeding the performance of these procedures."

As clarified, adults will be asked to apply hepatitis B and adults with dual bacteria. Those born after 1965 include triple viral (measles, mumps and rubella). Those over that age should receive anti-flu and pneumococcus.
At the same time, the creation of a National Registry of the Digital Vaccine Population will be created, which will have the data of the vaccination status of all the inhabitants of the country; and also a National Registry of Eventual Vaccination.

The regulation states that vaccines can only be applied in establishments authorized by the Ministry of Health. Fines are imposed on vaccinators who commit offenses, such as refusing to apply a vaccine, forgery of CUV, intent to charge for vaccine or vaccine in an unlicensed place.

The sanctions, to be applied as the case may be, are a warning, well adjusted between 10 and 100 minimum wages, vital and mobile; and suspension for up to one year.

Finally, it provides for the allocation of free spaces of dissemination in the media that make up the Federal System of Media and Public Content. And also on August 26 of each year is established as National Day of Vaccination, the day of Albert Sabin's birth, in recognition of his immense task, effort and daily commitment to bring vaccines to all corners of our country. And the Eventual Vaccinator figure is created.

From production to cash access

Juan Martín Meli, General Manager of Sanofi Pasteur for the Southern Cone, explained the Infobae the importance of the new standard that must be regulated so that it becomes effective.

"As partners in public health in Argentina for 40 years, we are very satisfied with this initiative, it is a confirmation of what we have done: defending vaccination as a great tool to save lives. State and makes it clear that it is a social good and a priority to Argentina, "Meli said.

Regarding the availability of vaccines, now reinforced by law, Meli indicated that the laboratories, through the Revolving Fund of the Pan American Health Organization, provide vaccines to the states.

"The development of a vaccine takes approximately 10 years. And its production takes about 2 years. This productive process forces us to anticipate the availability and correct the distribution well in advance. It is a co-ordination that must be gestated with much foresight. Planning is extremely important, and this law helps make that a reality, "Meli said.

But he warned: "The supply of vaccines is not enough. Access to vaccination is as important as than having the vaccine itself. Communicators, vaccination centers, professionals, NGOs, the State and other actors should coordinate access to vaccination. Because otherwise we have the availability of vaccines, but the population does not have access. The vaccines are expired and thrown away. Therefore, it is necessary to be very effective in accessing vaccination. And this law is a key to reaching it. "


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