Less fear of AIDS, sex "free and without commitment" and use of recreational drugs "that inhibitions decrease" are the causes of sustained increases in syphilis cases in Argentina, which tripled between 2013 and 2017, health officials and experts said on Monday.
"Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that has a cure but has been on the rise since 2013. We have seen that AIDS cases have declined, but syphilis cases have increased, which means people do not take care of themselves," he said. said the infectious disease Jorge Lattner
Lattner, who has been working in perinatal infectious diseases since 2000 and as a pediatrician since 1986, explained that the increase has several causes.
"There are a number of situations that are causing increased cases: on the one hand, the decrease in the rate of HIV infections we have seen in recent years, whether because there are early diagnoses or high-efficiency treatments of the disease. that people get scared less and start not caring "assured the doctor of the Otamendi Sanitarium.
On the other hand, "There are different customs that have appeared in the last five or six years and make young people have a much freer and less committed sex, to which we must add the fact that there are recreational drugs that are used in meetings where people decline their inhibitions and have sex ", said the specialist, who also works at the Fernandez hospital.
The clinician Esteban Chilelli noticed that "In 2011, there were about 4,000 cases of syphilis, while in 2017 there were 11,700."
"There are several causes: little condom use, having multiple partners or casual sex and drug use, which cause less control", agreed the professional in dialogue, and said that the young population is the most affected.
According to data from the Ministry of Health and Social Development, the rate of syphilis cases reported in men and young women and adults has tripled between 2013 and 2017, rising from 11.7 to 35.2 per 100,000 inhabitants.
Likewise, the proportion of positivity in routine exams performed in pregnant women rose from 2% to 3.2% in the same period.
"According to the measurements, in 2018 we had a rate of 50.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, and most cases occurred in a population between 15 and 24 years old", he said Claudia RodríguezDirector of AIDS, STD, Hepatitis and Tuberculosis of the Ministry of Health.
The clerk assured that the treatment of the disease is "Easy, affordable and free".
Syphilis is an infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum (TP), transmitted mainly through sexual contact and the congenital and perinatal routes. It is systemic, curable and exclusive to the human being.
It can cause long-term complications or death if it is not treated properly and is contracted by direct contact with syphilis in anal, vaginal or oral sex. Wounds can be found on the penis, vagina, anus, rectum or on the lips and mouth.
The Secretary of Health of the Nation stated that "It can also spread from an infected mother to the fetus."
Another of the rates that increases year by year is that of congenital syphilis. "In the period 2013-2017, the rate at the national level shows an increase year by year, while in 2013 it was 1 case per 1,000 live births, by 2017 rose almost 1.7," details the epidemiological bulletin on HIV, AIDS and STD published in December 2018.
"I have been infected for many years but in the last two I have seen a very significant amount of congenital syphilis with babies who died intrauterine and others who are treated when they are born"Lattner continued.
The specialist explained that "It's not just a disease of the poor." "I worked at Otamendi almost 10 years ago and in the last two we also saw an increase in congenital syphilis, something that has not happened before and now, Fernandez we are putting 10 to 15 penicillins a day, and that has never happened either", he added.