A scientific defense of the benefits of eating bread


Bread has been a staple of the human diet, until a few decades ago began to be promoted as a movie villain. Your Content carbohydrates and gluten at the top of the list of criticisms made. However, research does not seem to justify the vilifying vogue. In fact, check whether it can be, as in the case of whole grains, a beneficial food.

"We conducted a number of meta-analyzes on the consumption of whole grains and health consequences, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and premature mortalityHe said to Medium Dagfinn Aune, a researcher at the School of Public Health at Imperial College in London. "When we look at specific sources of grain, we find that the Whole grain bread, whole grain cereals, brown rice and wheat bran were associated with lower risks"

Aune does not agree to consider the bread a "junk" meal, but rather the opposite. "Whole-grain breads are healthy"he said. His research found that a Consumption equivalent to 7.5 slices of brown bread per day is associated with "better health outcomes ".

And although he does not see "great benefit" for the consumption of white bread, the expert said that the Evidence associated with weight gain and other unhealthy consequences are "far less robust" than the data that support the positive effects of whole-grain breads.

Nicola McKeown of Tufts University agreed with Aune: he said that refined grains make "nutrient-poor" bread and that It is difficult to attribute weight gain to a single food. And Joanne Slavin of the University of Minnesota: "If we look at the great studies on the diet of people who live with very few diseases, fiber and whole grains are always central components"

Bread presents serious problems for people suffering from celiac disease; Although it is a more discussed diagnosis, also the non-celiac sensitivity to gluten causes disorders. "These tables affect approximately 6% of the population"he pointed to Medium Alessio Fasano, director of the Celiac Disease Center at Massachusetts General Hospital.

This leaves 94% of the population in a position to eat dry bread. "There are not many convincing reasons to accuse bread of being one of our food nemesis," he added.

Specialists also discuss the association between white bread and obesity and other associated problems. It has been proven that refined carbohydrates are associated with weight gain and type 2 diabetes risk, but this group includes, in addition to white bread, biscuits, pastries, cakes and soft drinks. And studies that analyzed only the incidence of white bread gave negative and positive results.

To identify bread that can best contribute to health, a 2015 study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health concluded that there is to identify the relationship between total carbohydrate and fiber. The ideal ratio is less than 10 to 1: so If a loaf has 15 grams of total carbohydrates for each slice, it will be best if it has more than 1.5 grams of fiber.


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