1. If you can move it, it is not broken
It's the first thing someone says when they're writhing in pain after a heavy blow to the big toe.
But the reality is that sometimes it is possible to move a broken bone, so even if you can move your injured finger, you should not trust yourself.
The three main symptoms of having a broken bone are pain, swelling and deformity.
If a bone protrudes through the skin after an accident, this is obviously a bad sign.
Another sign is to hear a pop when it hurts.
What are bone fractures due to stress and are they more likely to suffer from them?
2. If the bone is broken, you will feel a horrible pain.
Surely you have heard a friend tell the story of how he stumbled and then spent the rest of the day skiing or dancing without realizing it had broken.
Most of the time, broken bones hurt a lot, but if a gap is small, you might not notice.
If the bone is really broken, it is important to get professional help to ensure that the bones are properly aligned and held in place while they are healing.
In this way, you can avoid infections or permanent deformities.
3 Older women (especially white women) should worry about broken bones due to osteoporosis
Let's start with age.
It is true that older women are more prone to fractures than young women.
Hormonal changes in menopause can lead to rapid bone loss and frequent fractures seen in osteoporosis.
In addition, in the United States, for example, there are more than two times more hip fractures in white women than in black women.
There are several factors that can explain this difference. For example, increased bone mass during childhood in black women and a lower rate of bone turnover, which could lead to a slower decrease in bone mineral density with age.
That said, black women can also suffer from osteoporosis.
4. It makes no sense to go to the doctor for a broken finger because they can not do anything
You can not be sent to a cast, but you still have to go to a doctor to see it.
The medical team should establish the nature of the fracture to avoid pain or long-term deformities, which may make the shoes uncomfortable or cause arthritis in the future if a fracture has not healed properly.
If the toe is at an odd angle after a fracture, a more complex treatment or even surgery is needed.
Most broken fingers can be glued with tape and held firm by a special rigid shoe.
It usually takes four to six weeks to heal.
Fractures in the big toes are more severe and some people will need a calf-length cast for two to three weeks.
Fortunately, big fingers are half as likely to break as other fingers.
If the fracture occurs in the metatarsal bones, they can be cured without any plaster while the foot is at rest.
But if there are injuries that indicate an exposed fracture, or if the bone is not placed in the correct position, a treatment may be necessary.
Even if you do not need plaster, it's worth it for medical staff to treat your broken fingers.
Once discarded the possibility of more serious fractures, they can flake their broken fingers and coat them with a soft fill.
They will also know if it would be beneficial for you to walk on crutches for a few weeks until you can comfortably support the foot again.
The doctor will know if you should use crutches for a few weeks
5. After a broken bone has healed, it will be stronger than it was before
If this sounds too good to be true, it is because it is not true unless in the long run.
But there is some truth in the short term.
During the healing process, a new extra strong bone callus forms around the fracture to protect it.
Therefore, it is true that, within a few weeks after the beginning of the healing process, the bone at rupture is stronger than the normal bone.
But over time this type of bracelet decreases and, a few years later, you will have a bone as strong as the others.
You can read the original version of this article in English on BBC Future.
This note is for general information only and should not be treated as a substitute for a doctor's visit.
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Check with your own primary care physician if you are concerned about your health.